Hepatitis C is infection affects majorly the liver in the human body. Hepatitis C is caused by a virus known as HVC. Hepatitis C is one of the infectious diseases there are. Acute Hepatitis C is frequently asymptomatic. This means that the signs and symptoms are barely noticeable. However, once the Hepatitis C develops to the chronic level, the physical signs and symptoms begin to become apparent in the patient. For Acute Hepatitis C, not all patients have the signs and symptoms. Others may feel joint pains and nausea. They may also lose appetite and also lose some weight. Chronic Hepatitis C is a life-threatening condition as the patient may die from complicated diseases caused by Hepatitis C. At Chronic stage, the initial symptoms may include fatigue, loss of weight and loss of appetite. Later in patients with chronic Hepatitis C can suffer cancer of the liver while others may develop cirrhosis. These conditions are very dangerous to the life and health of the patients. A patient may grow and become weak in a short period of having the Hepatitis C. A patient may also suffer portal hypertension as a result of contracting cirrhosis.
One of the modes of transmission for Hepatitis C is the mother to child transmission. Sharing of body piercing materials is also a way through which the virus can be transmitted from an individual to the other. Exposure to fresh blood while using needles is also a way of transmission of Hepatitis C Virus. The use of unsterilized materials and pieces of equipment is also a way of transmitting the disease from person to others. Sexual transmission is very rare. However, the risk of contracting Hepatitis Virus is higher for individuals with multiple sex partners. The primary transmission mode of Hepatitis C virus is thus the blood. The disease and the virus are thus highly avoidable and preventable. Sterilizing of all piercing equipment and not sharing personal objects and equipment should be practiced. Screening for signs of the disease is also vital since the disease is mainly without symptoms in its initial stages of development.
Less than 15% of patients with acute Hepatitis C experience signs and symptoms of the disease. They may feel nausea. Another symptom is the loss of appetite that leads to loss of weight in the patient. The patient may also feel fatigued most of the time. Chronic Hepatitis C can lead to conditions such as cancer of the liver and cirrhosis in the patient.
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